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THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION: NOVEMBER 2000
  
                 THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION:  NOVEMBER 2000
   
   Payroll employment increased by 94,000 in November, and the unemployment
rate was essentially unchanged at 4.0 percent, the Bureau of Labor Statistics
of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  Employment rose by 148,000
in the private sector, with gains in the service-producing industries.
Employment was little changed in the goods-producing industries and declined
in government.  Average hourly earnings increased by 6 cents.
   
Unemployment (Household Survey Data)
   
   Both the number of unemployed persons (5.7 million) and the unemployment
rate (4.0 percent) were essentially unchanged in November.  The jobless
rate has remained within the 3.9- to 4.1-percent range since October 1999.
Unemployment rates for most of the major worker groups--adult men
(3.5 percent), adult women (3.4 percent), teenagers (13.1 percent), whites
(3.5 percent), and blacks (7.4 percent)--showed little change over the month.
The rate for Hispanics rose to 6.1 percent.  (See tables A-1 and A-2.)
Total Employment and the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)
   
   The civilian labor force was little changed in November at 141.1 million,
and the labor force participation rate was unchanged at 67.0 percent.  Total
employment, at 135.4 million, and the employment-population ratio, at
64.3 percent, were essentially unchanged.  (See table A-1.)
   
   The number of persons working part time for economic reasons increased
by 277,000 to 3.5 million.  These people indicated that they would like to
work full time, but worked part time because their hours had been cut back
or they were unable to find a full-time job.  (See table A-4.)
   
   About 7.5 million persons (not seasonally adjusted) held more than one
job in November.  These multiple jobholders represented 5.5 percent of
total employment, compared with 6.0 percent a year earlier.  (See table A-10.)
Persons Not in the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)
   
   About 1.1 million persons (not seasonally adjusted) were marginally
attached to the labor force in November.  These people wanted and were
available to work and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months.
They were not counted as unemployed, however, because they had not actively
searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.  The number of
discouraged workers was 234,000 in November.  Discouraged workers, a subset
of the marginally attached, were not currently looking for work specifically
because they believed no jobs were available for them.  (See table A-10.)                                 
                                  - 2 -  
Table A.  Major indicators of labor market activity, seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)
___________________________________________________________________________
                      |    Quarterly    |       Monthly data       |
                      |    averages     |                          |
                      |_________________|__________________________| Oct.-
      Category        |      2000       |           2000           | Nov.
                      |_________________|__________________________|change
                      |   II   |  III   |  Sept. |  Oct.  |  Nov.  |
______________________|________|________|________|________|________|_______
    HOUSEHOLD DATA    |                 Labor force status
                      |____________________________________________________
Civilian labor force..| 140,827| 140,593| 140,639| 140,918| 141,052|    134
  Employment..........| 135,200| 134,941| 135,161| 135,422| 135,373|    -49
  Unemployment........|   5,627|   5,652|   5,477|   5,496|   5,679|    183
Not in labor force....|  68,550|  69,348|  69,522|  69,460|  69,525|     65
                      |________|________|________|________|________|_______
                      |                 Unemployment rates
                      |____________________________________________________
All workers...........|     4.0|     4.0|     3.9|     3.9|     4.0|    0.1
  Adult men...........|     3.3|     3.2|     3.2|     3.4|     3.5|     .1
  Adult women.........|     3.7|     3.6|     3.5|     3.4|     3.4|     .0
  Teenagers...........|    12.3|    13.5|    12.8|    12.6|    13.1|     .5
  White...............|     3.4|     3.5|     3.5|     3.4|     3.5|     .1
  Black...............|     7.7|     7.6|     7.0|     7.3|     7.4|     .1
  Hispanic origin.....|     5.6|     5.6|     5.6|     5.0|     6.1|    1.1
                      |________|________|________|________|________|_______
 ESTABLISHMENT DATA   |                     Employment
                      |____________________________________________________
Nonfarm employment....| 131,552| 131,619| 131,723|p131,800|p131,894|    p94
  Goods-producing 1/..|  25,703|  25,680|  25,639| p25,660| p25,656|    p-4
    Construction......|   6,676|   6,688|   6,720|  p6,742|  p6,736|    p-6
    Manufacturing.....|  18,488|  18,453|  18,380| p18,377| p18,378|     p1
  Service-producing 1/| 105,849| 105,940| 106,084|p106,140|p106,238|    p98
    Retail trade......|  23,128|  23,189|  23,179| p23,190| p23,236|    p46
    Services..........|  40,272|  40,553|  40,685| p40,685| p40,750|    p65
    Government........|  20,827|  20,536|  20,491| p20,494| p20,440|   p-54
                      |________|________|________|________|________|_______
                      |                  Hours of work 2/
                      |____________________________________________________
Total private.........|    34.5|    34.4|    34.4|   p34.4|   p34.3|  p-0.1
  Manufacturing.......|    41.7|    41.5|    41.3|   p41.4|   p41.1|   p-.3
    Overtime..........|     4.7|     4.5|     4.4|    p4.5|    p4.3|   p-.2
                      |________|________|________|________|________|_______
                      |    Indexes of aggregate weekly hours (1982=100) 2/
                      |____________________________________________________
Total private.........|   151.2|   151.2|   151.4|  p151.8|  p151.6|  p-0.2
                      |________|________|________|________|________|_______
                      |                      Earnings 2/
                      |____________________________________________________
Avg. hourly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |
  total private.......|  $13.67|  $13.79|  $13.83| p$13.88| p$13.94| p$0.06
Avg. weekly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |
  total private.......|  471.50|  474.03|  475.75| p477.47| p478.14|   p.67
______________________|________|________|________|________|________|_______
   1/  Includes other industries, not shown separately.
   2/  Data relate to private production or nonsupervisory workers.
   p=preliminary.
                                  - 3 -  
   
Industry Payroll Employment (Establishment Survey Data)
   
   Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 94,000 to 131.9 million in
November, seasonally adjusted.  Private-sector employment grew by 148,000,
after rising by only 74,000 in October.  Employment growth was generally
stronger in the first half of 2000 than in the last 5 months.  All of the
November private-sector gain occurred among service-producing industries.
Government employment declined by 54,000, with decreases occurring
primarily at the federal and local levels.  (See table B-1.)
   
   In the service-producing sector, services industry employment increased
by 65,000 in November, following no growth in October.  Hospitals added
15,000 jobs in November, compared with average growth of only 3,000 for the
prior 12 months.  Computer and data processing services gained 11,000 jobs,
the second consecutive month of larger-than-average gains, while engineering
and management services added 12,000 jobs.  In contrast, amusement and
recreation services employment fell by 15,000.  Employment declined in help
supply services for the second month in a row.  This industry, which had
added 316,000 jobs in the 12 months ending in April of this year, has lost
71,000 since then.
   
   Retail trade added 46,000 jobs in November.  Department stores gained
38,000 jobs, compared with an average monthly loss of 3,000 over the first
10 months of this year.  Employment in eating and drinking places grew by
17,000 after three consecutive monthly losses.  The number of jobs in
miscellaneous retail establishments (such as drug, jewelry, and toy stores)
decreased by 14,000, seasonally adjusted, in November.
   
   Wholesale trade employment rose by 14,000 in November, the second
consecutive month of above-average growth.  Nearly all of the job gains
were in nondurable goods distribution.
   
   Transportation and public utilities added 16,000 jobs in November, about
in line with its monthly average for the first 10 months of the year.  Air
transportation (10,000) and communications (6,000) showed strength for the
second consecutive month.
   
   Finance, insurance, and real estate employment increased by 11,000 in
November.  This industry has had four consecutive monthly gains following
declines earlier in the year.  The largest employment gains occurred among
insurance carriers, where employment had been in a declining trend since
June 1999.
   Real estate continued to add jobs.  Employment in security brokerages
was little changed; this industry had added jobs in every month since early
last year.                                 
   Government employment fell by 54,000 in November.  Both state and local
education agencies showed job declines in November after seasonal adjustment.
Local government education employment is 8,000 below the level at the close
of the prior school year in May.  Employment in local government agencies
besides education declined by 18,000 over the month. Federal government
employment fell by 13,000 in November, after seasonal adjustment, largely
due to weak seasonal hiring of postal workers.                                  
   In the goods-producing sector, employment in manufacturing was about
unchanged for the second month in a row, following 2 months of large
losses.  In November, job gains in durable goods were offset by losses in
nondurable goods.  Within durables, electronic components added 8,000 jobs,
raising the gain so far this year to 54,000.  Industrial machinery (6,000)
and instruments and related products (4,000) also added jobs.  In nondurables,
textiles and apparel continued their long downward trends, and rubber and
plastics lost 4,000 jobs.
   
   Construction employment was about unchanged in November, following 2
months of job gains.  Unusually cold November weather curtailed outdoor
work activities, particularly heavy construction, which lost 7,000 jobs.
Elsewhere in the goods-producing sector, the oil and gas industry continued
to add jobs.
                                  - 4 -
Weekly Hours (Establishment Survey Data)
   
   The average workweek for production or nonsupervisory workers on private
nonfarm payrolls edged down by 0.1 hour in November to 34.3 hours, seasonally
adjusted.  The manufacturing workweek declined by 0.3 hour to 41.1 hours,
following an increase of 0.1 hour in October.  In November, manufacturing
overtime declined by 0.2 hour to 4.3 hours.  (See table B-2.)
   
   The index of aggregate weekly hours of production or nonsupervisory
workers on private nonfarm payrolls declined by 0.1 percent to 151.6
(1982=100), seasonally adjusted.  The manufacturing index fell by 0.7 percent
to 104.3.  (See table B-5.)                                 
Hourly and Weekly Earnings (Establishment Survey Data)
   
   Average hourly earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers on
private nonfarm payrolls increased by 6 cents in November to $13.94,
seasonally adjusted.  Over the month, average weekly earnings increased by
0.1 percent to $478.14.  Over the year, average hourly earnings rose by
4.0 percent and average weekly earnings grew by 3.3 percent.  (See table B-3.)
                      ______________________________
  ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 |     Following usual practice, the 6-month updates to seasonal         |
 |  adjustment factors for the establishment survey data are introduced  |
 |  with this release.  These factors were used in the revisions to the  |
 |  September and October data as well as in the November estimates, and |
 |  will be used through the April 2001 estimates.  These factors will be|
 |  published in the December 2000 issue of Employment and Earnings and  |
 |  are available on the Internet (http://stats.bls.gov/ceshome.htm) or  |
 |  by calling (202) 691-6555.                                           |
 |     Also in accordance with usual practice, the release of December   |
 |  data will incorporate annual revisions in seasonally adjusted        |
 |  unemployment and other labor force series from the household survey. |
 |  Seasonally adjusted data for the most recent 5 years are subject to  |
 |  revision.                                                            |
  -----------------------------------------------------------------------
   The Employment Situation for December 2000 is scheduled to be released
on Friday, January 5, 2001, at 8:30 A.M. (EST).  Release dates for the
balance of 2001 are as follows:
          Feb. 2         May 4        Aug. 3        Nov. 2
          March 9        June 1       Sept. 7       Dec. 7
          April 6        July 6       Oct. 5
                                  - 5 -
Explanatory Note
 This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (establishment survey).  The household survey provides the
information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears
in the A tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA.  It is a sample survey of about
50,000 households  conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of
Labor Statistics (BLS).
 
 The establishment survey provides the information on the employment,
hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm payrolls that appears in the B
tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA.  This information is collected from
payroll records by BLS in cooperation with State agencies.  In June 2000,
the sample included about 300,000 establishments employing about 48 million
people.
 
 For both surveys, the data for a given month  relate to a particular week
or pay period.  In the household survey,  the reference week is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month.  In the
establishment survey, the reference  period is the pay period including the
12th, which may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.
Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys
 
 Household survey.  The sample  is selected  to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population.  Based on responses to a series of
questions on work and job search activities, each person  16 years and over
in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the
labor force.
 
 People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business,
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours
in a family business or farm.  People are also counted as employed if they
were  temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad weather,
vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.
 
 People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria:  They had no employment during the  reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week.  Persons laid off from  a job and expecting recall   need not be
looking for work to be counted as unemployed.  The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility for
or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.
 
 The civilian labor force  is the sum of  employed and  unemployed
persons.  Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the
labor force.  The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent
of the  labor force.  The labor force participation rate is the labor force
as a percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the
employed as a percent of the population.
 
 Establishment survey.  The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
Federal, State, and local government entities.  Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave.  Persons are counted in each job
they hold.  Hours and earnings data are for private businesses and relate
only to production workers in the goods-producing sector and nonsupervisory
workers in the service-producing sector.
                                  - 6 -
 
 Differences in employment estimates.  The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment surveys
result in important distinctions in the employment estimates derived from
the surveys.  Among these are:
 
 --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, and private household workers among the employed.
These groups are excluded from the establishment survey.
 --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
employed. The establishment survey does not.
 
 --The household survey is limited to  workers 16 years of age and older.
The establishment survey is not limited by age.
 
 --The  household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
individuals  are counted only once, even if they hold more than one job. In
the establishment survey, employees working at more than one job  and thus
appearing on more than one payroll would be counted separately for each
appearance.
 
 Other differences between the two surveys are described in "Comparing
Employment Estimates from Household and Payroll Surveys," which may be
obtained from BLS upon request.
Seasonal adjustment
 
 Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the
levels of employment and unemployment undergo sharp fluctuations due to
such seasonal events as changes in weather, reduced or expanded production,
harvests, major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools.  The
effect of such seasonal  variation can  be  very large; seasonal
fluctuations may account for as much as 95 percent of the month-to-month
changes in unemployment.
 
 Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each
year, their influence on statistical trends can be eliminated by adjusting
the statistics from month to month.  These adjustments make nonseasonal
developments, such as declines in economic activity or increases in the
participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot.  For example,
the large number of youth entering the labor force each June is likely to
obscure any other changes that have taken place relative to May, making it
difficult to determine if the level of economic activity has risen or
declined.  However, because the effect of students finishing school in
previous years is known, the statistics for the current year can be
adjusted to allow for a comparable change.  Insofar as the seasonal
adjustment is made correctly, the adjusted figure provides a more useful
tool with which to analyze changes in economic activity.
 
 In both the household and establishment surveys, most seasonally adjusted
series are independently adjusted.  However, the adjusted series for many
major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment in most major
industry divisions, total employment, and unemployment are computed by
aggregating independently adjusted component series.  For example, total
unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four major age-
sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining the duration,
reasons, or more detailed age categories.
 
 The numerical factors used to make the seasonal adjustments are
recalculated twice a year.  For the household survey, the factors are
calculated for the January-June period and again for the July-December
                                  - 7 -
period.  For the establishment survey, updated factors for seasonal
adjustment are calculated for the May-October period and introduced along
with new benchmarks, and again for the November-April period.  In both
surveys, revisions to historical data are made once a year.
Reliability of the estimates
 
 Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject
to both sampling and nonsampling error.  When a sample rather than the
entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates
may differ from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular sample
selected, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the
estimate.  There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that
an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard
errors from the "true" population value because of sampling error.  BLS
analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
 
 For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total
employment from the household survey is on the order of plus or minus
376,000.  Suppose the estimate of total employment increases by 100,000
from one month to the next.  The 90-percent confidence interval on the
monthly change would range from -276,000 to 476,000 (100,000 +/- 376,000).
These figures do not mean that the sample results are off by these
magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent chance that the
"true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.  Since this range
includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
employment had, in fact, increased.  If, however, the reported employment
rise was half a million, then all of the values within the 90-percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero.  In this case, it is likely
(at least a 90-percent chance) that an employment rise had, in fact,
occurred.  The 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly change in
unemployment is +/- 258,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment
rate it is +/- .21 percentage point.
 
 In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have
lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates
which are based on a small number of observations.  The precision of
estimates is also improved when the data are cumulated over time such as
for quarterly and annual averages.  The seasonal adjustment process can
also improve the stability of the monthly estimates.
 
 The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling
error.  Nonsampling errors can occur for many reasons, including the
failure to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain
information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness
of respondents to provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes
made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or processing of the
data.
 
 For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2
months are based on substantially incomplete returns; for this reason,
these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables.  It is only after
two successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.
 
 Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is
the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new
firms.  To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth
(and other sources of error), a process known as bias adjustment is
included in the survey's estimating procedures, whereby a specified number
of jobs is added to the monthly sample-based change.  The size of the
                                  - 8 -
monthly bias adjustment is based largely on past relationships between the
sample-based estimates of employment and the total counts of employment
described below.
 
 The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and the
March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a
rough proxy for total survey error.  The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries.  Over the past decade, the
benchmark revision for total nonfarm employment has averaged 0.3 percent,
ranging from zero to 0.7 percent.
Additional statistics and other information
 
 More comprehensive statistics are contained in Employment and Earnings,
published each month by BLS.  It is available for $16.00 per issue or
$40.00 per year from the U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC
20402.  All orders must be prepaid by sending a check or money order
payable to the Superintendent of Documents, or by charging to Mastercard or
Visa.
 
 Employment and Earnings also provides measures of sampling error for the
household survey data published in this release.  For unemployment and
other labor force categories, these measures appear in tables 1-B through
1-H of its "Explanatory Notes."  Measures of the reliability of the data
drawn from the establishment survey and the actual amounts of revision due
to benchmark adjustments are provided in tables 2-B through 2-G of that
publication.
 
 Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone:  202-691-5200; TDD message referral
phone:  1-800-877-8339.
  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                              HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-1.  Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                     Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted(1)            
                                                                                                                            
           Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                  
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                       Nov.    Oct.    Nov.    Nov.    July    Aug.    Sept.   Oct.    Nov. 
                                                       1999    2000    2000    1999    2000    2000    2000    2000    2000 
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                        TOTAL                                                                                               
                                                                                                                            
  Civilian noninstitutional population.............. 208,666 210,378 210,577 208,666 209,727 209,935 210,161 210,378 210,577
    Civilian labor force............................ 139,895 140,893 141,025 139,834 140,399 140,742 140,639 140,918 141,052
          Participation rate........................    67.0    67.0    67.0    67.0    66.9    67.0    66.9    67.0    67.0
      Employed...................................... 134,515 135,771 135,731 134,098 134,749 134,912 135,161 135,422 135,373
          Employment-population ratio...............    64.5    64.5    64.5    64.3    64.2    64.3    64.3    64.4    64.3
        Agriculture.................................   3,185   3,277   3,030   3,310   3,299   3,344   3,340   3,233   3,154
        Nonagricultural industries.................. 131,330 132,494 132,701 130,788 131,450 131,569 131,821 132,188 132,219
      Unemployed....................................   5,380   5,122   5,295   5,736   5,650   5,829   5,477   5,496   5,679
          Unemployment rate.........................     3.8     3.6     3.8     4.1     4.0     4.1     3.9     3.9     4.0
    Not in labor force..............................  68,771  69,485  69,551  68,832  69,329  69,193  69,522  69,460  69,525
      Persons who currently want a job..............   4,077   4,051   3,971   4,429   4,478   4,213   4,349   4,380   4,322
                                                                                                                            
                Men, 16 years and over                                                                                      
                                                                                                                            
  Civilian noninstitutional population.............. 100,179 101,075 101,175 100,179 100,745 100,847 100,963 101,075 101,175
    Civilian labor force............................  74,545  75,231  75,152  74,728  74,917  75,412  75,233  75,313  75,344
          Participation rate........................    74.4    74.4    74.3    74.6    74.4    74.8    74.5    74.5    74.5
      Employed......................................  71,797  72,552  72,371  71,732  72,063  72,407  72,352  72,378  72,286
          Employment-population ratio...............    71.7    71.8    71.5    71.6    71.5    71.8    71.7    71.6    71.4
      Unemployed....................................   2,748   2,679   2,781   2,996   2,854   3,005   2,881   2,936   3,058
          Unemployment rate.........................     3.7     3.6     3.7     4.0     3.8     4.0     3.8     3.9     4.1
                                                                                                                            
                Men, 20 years and over                                                                                      
                                                                                                                            
  Civilian noninstitutional population..............  91,986  92,969  93,061  91,986  92,642  92,754  92,863  92,969  93,061
    Civilian labor force............................  70,441  71,185  71,151  70,388  70,702  71,067  71,002  71,128  71,122
          Participation rate........................    76.6    76.6    76.5    76.5    76.3    76.6    76.5    76.5    76.4
      Employed......................................  68,293  69,011  68,908  68,037  68,440  68,757  68,699  68,743  68,646
          Employment-population ratio...............    74.2    74.2    74.0    74.0    73.9    74.1    74.0    73.9    73.8
        Agriculture.................................   2,243   2,264   2,099   2,262   2,296   2,288   2,350   2,196   2,103
        Nonagricultural industries..................  66,050  66,747  66,809  65,775  66,144  66,469  66,349  66,547  66,543
      Unemployed....................................   2,148   2,175   2,243   2,351   2,263   2,309   2,303   2,385   2,476
          Unemployment rate.........................     3.0     3.1     3.2     3.3     3.2     3.2     3.2     3.4     3.5
                                                                                                                            
               Women, 16 years and over                                                                                     
                                                                                                                            
  Civilian noninstitutional population.............. 108,487 109,303 109,402 108,487 108,983 109,088 109,198 109,303 109,402
    Civilian labor force............................  65,350  65,662  65,874  65,106  65,482  65,330  65,406  65,605  65,708
          Participation rate........................    60.2    60.1    60.2    60.0    60.1    59.9    59.9    60.0    60.1
      Employed......................................  62,718  63,219  63,360  62,366  62,686  62,505  62,809  63,044  63,087
          Employment-population ratio...............    57.8    57.8    57.9    57.5    57.5    57.3    57.5    57.7    57.7
      Unemployed....................................   2,632   2,443   2,513   2,740   2,796   2,824   2,597   2,560   2,621
          Unemployment rate.........................     4.0     3.7     3.8     4.2     4.3     4.3     4.0     3.9     4.0
                                                                                                                            
               Women, 20 years and over                                                                                     
                                                                                                                            
  Civilian noninstitutional population.............. 100,573 101,448 101,533 100,573 101,111 101,209 101,321 101,448 101,533
    Civilian labor force............................  61,440  61,747  61,881  61,052  61,508  61,260  61,386  61,481  61,561
          Participation rate........................    61.1    60.9    60.9    60.7    60.8    60.5    60.6    60.6    60.6
      Employed......................................  59,314  59,788  59,868  58,838  59,222  58,949  59,268  59,417  59,456
          Employment-population ratio...............    59.0    58.9    59.0    58.5    58.6    58.2    58.5    58.6    58.6
        Agriculture.................................     728     753     722     768     792     824     744     734     778
        Nonagricultural industries..................  58,586  59,035  59,146  58,070  58,430  58,125  58,524  58,683  58,677
      Unemployed....................................   2,127   1,959   2,012   2,214   2,286   2,311   2,118   2,065   2,105
          Unemployment rate.........................     3.5     3.2     3.3     3.6     3.7     3.8     3.5     3.4     3.4
                                                                                                                            
              Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                    
                                                                                                                            
  Civilian  noninstitutional population.............  16,107  15,960  15,983  16,107  15,974  15,972  15,977  15,960  15,983
    Civilian labor force............................   8,014   7,960   7,994   8,394   8,189   8,415   8,251   8,309   8,370
          Participation rate........................    49.8    49.9    50.0    52.1    51.3    52.7    51.6    52.1    52.4
      Employed......................................   6,909   6,972   6,955   7,223   7,087   7,206   7,195   7,262   7,272
          Employment-population ratio...............    42.9    43.7    43.5    44.8    44.4    45.1    45.0    45.5    45.5
        Agriculture.................................     215     260     209     280     211     232     247     304     272
        Nonagricultural industries..................   6,694   6,712   6,746   6,943   6,876   6,974   6,948   6,958   7,000
      Unemployed....................................   1,106     988   1,039   1,171   1,101   1,209   1,056   1,047   1,098
          Unemployment rate.........................    13.8    12.4    13.0    14.0    13.4    14.4    12.8    12.6    13.1
    1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted
  and seasonally adjusted columns.
    NOTE:  Beginning in January 2000, data reflect revised population controls used in the household survey.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                              HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-2.  Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, age, and Hispanic origin
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                     Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted(1)            
                                                                                                                            
        Employment status, race, sex, age, and                                                                              
                   Hispanic origin                                                                                          
                                                                                                                            
                                                       Nov.    Oct.    Nov.    Nov.    July    Aug.    Sept.   Oct.    Nov. 
                                                       1999    2000    2000    1999    2000    2000    2000    2000    2000 
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                        WHITE                                                                                               
  Civilian noninstitutional population.............. 173,709 174,899 175,034 173,709 174,443 174,587 174,745 174,899 175,034
    Civilian labor force............................ 116,735 117,477 117,428 116,703 117,258 117,551 117,535 117,500 117,507
        Participation rate..........................    67.2    67.2    67.1    67.2    67.2    67.3    67.3    67.2    67.1
      Employed...................................... 112,919 113,807 113,598 112,611 113,156 113,352 113,450 113,516 113,359
        Employment-population ratio.................    65.0    65.1    64.9    64.8    64.9    64.9    64.9    64.9    64.8
      Unemployed....................................   3,816   3,669   3,830   4,092   4,103   4,199   4,085   3,984   4,148
        Unemployment rate...........................     3.3     3.1     3.3     3.5     3.5     3.6     3.5     3.4     3.5
                                                                                                                            
                Men, 20 years and over                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force............................  59,788  60,258  60,222  59,761  59,950  60,358  60,275  60,272  60,252
        Participation rate..........................    76.9    76.9    76.7    76.9    76.7    77.1    77.0    76.9    76.8
      Employed......................................  58,264  58,724  58,594  58,067  58,302  58,701  58,543  58,548  58,419
        Employment-population ratio.................    74.9    74.9    74.7    74.7    74.6    75.0    74.7    74.7    74.4
      Unemployed....................................   1,524   1,535   1,627   1,694   1,647   1,657   1,732   1,724   1,832
        Unemployment rate...........................     2.5     2.5     2.7     2.8     2.7     2.7     2.9     2.9     3.0
                                                                                                                            
               Women, 20 years and over                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force............................  50,150  50,461  50,527  49,814  50,356  50,060  50,235  50,196  50,248
        Participation rate..........................    60.3    60.2    60.2    59.9    60.2    59.8    60.0    59.9    59.9
      Employed......................................  48,659  49,057  49,105  48,273  48,700  48,388  48,688  48,716  48,764
        Employment-population ratio.................    58.5    58.5    58.6    58.0    58.3    57.8    58.2    58.1    58.1
      Unemployed....................................   1,491   1,405   1,422   1,541   1,656   1,673   1,546   1,480   1,484
        Unemployment rate...........................     3.0     2.8     2.8     3.1     3.3     3.3     3.1     2.9     3.0
                                                                                                                            
              Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force............................   6,797   6,757   6,679   7,128   6,953   7,133   7,025   7,032   7,007
        Participation rate..........................    53.4    53.2    52.6    56.0    54.7    56.2    55.3    55.4    55.2
      Employed......................................   5,996   6,027   5,898   6,271   6,153   6,264   6,219   6,252   6,176
        Employment-population ratio.................    47.1    47.5    46.5    49.2    48.4    49.3    49.0    49.2    48.6
      Unemployed....................................     801     730     781     857     800     869     806     780     831
        Unemployment rate...........................    11.8    10.8    11.7    12.0    11.5    12.2    11.5    11.1    11.9
          Men.......................................    12.5    10.9    12.2    12.8    12.6    13.3    12.2    11.5    12.6
          Women.....................................    11.0    10.7    11.2    11.2    10.3    11.0    10.7    10.6    11.1
                                                                                                                            
                        BLACK                                                                                               
  Civilian noninstitutional population..............  25,019  25,339  25,376  25,019  25,221  25,258  25,299  25,339  25,376
    Civilian labor force............................  16,555  16,634  16,798  16,508  16,456  16,512  16,403  16,593  16,755
        Participation rate..........................    66.2    65.6    66.2    66.0    65.2    65.4    64.8    65.5    66.0
      Employed......................................  15,292  15,469  15,604  15,187  15,190  15,190  15,246  15,380  15,509
        Employment-population ratio.................    61.1    61.0    61.5    60.7    60.2    60.1    60.3    60.7    61.1
      Unemployed....................................   1,263   1,165   1,195   1,321   1,266   1,322   1,156   1,213   1,245
        Unemployment rate...........................     7.6     7.0     7.1     8.0     7.7     8.0     7.0     7.3     7.4
                                                                                                                            
                Men, 20 years and over                                                                                      
    Civilian labor force............................   7,335   7,443   7,453   7,277   7,292   7,337   7,274   7,387   7,401
        Participation rate..........................    73.3    73.2    73.2    72.8    72.1    72.4    71.7    72.6    72.7
      Employed......................................   6,841   6,945   6,964   6,767   6,803   6,797   6,813   6,870   6,895
        Employment-population ratio.................    68.4    68.3    68.4    67.7    67.3    67.1    67.1    67.6    67.7
      Unemployed....................................     493     498     490     510     489     540     461     517     506
        Unemployment rate...........................     6.7     6.7     6.6     7.0     6.7     7.4     6.3     7.0     6.8
                                                                                                                            
               Women, 20 years and over                                                                                     
    Civilian labor force............................   8,338   8,272   8,362   8,305   8,217   8,230   8,197   8,237   8,328
        Participation rate..........................    66.5    65.1    65.7    66.3    65.0    65.0    64.6    64.8    65.4
      Employed......................................   7,818   7,822   7,866   7,757   7,691   7,710   7,724   7,775   7,803
        Employment-population ratio.................    62.4    61.5    61.8    61.9    60.8    60.9    60.9    61.2    61.3
      Unemployed....................................     520     450     496     548     525     520     472     461     525
        Unemployment rate...........................     6.2     5.4     5.9     6.6     6.4     6.3     5.8     5.6     6.3
                                                                                                                            
              Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                    
    Civilian labor force............................     882     919     983     926     947     945     932     969   1,026
        Participation rate..........................    35.6    37.4    39.9    37.3    38.4    38.4    37.8    39.4    41.7
      Employed......................................     632     702     774     663     696     682     709     735     811
        Employment-population ratio.................    25.5    28.5    31.5    26.7    28.2    27.7    28.8    29.9    33.0
      Unemployed....................................     250     217     209     263     252     262     223     234     215
        Unemployment rate...........................    28.3    23.6    21.2    28.4    26.6    27.8    23.9    24.2    20.9
          Men.......................................    31.0    25.3    21.4    31.0    25.0    33.7    26.7    28.0    20.9
          Women.....................................    26.0    22.3    21.1    25.9    27.9    22.5    21.5    21.0    21.0
                   HISPANIC ORIGIN
  Civilian noninstitutional population..............  21,947  22,618  22,687  21,947  22,422  22,488  22,555  22,618  22,687
    Civilian labor force............................  14,841  15,503  15,514  14,887  15,188  15,248  15,536  15,496  15,599
        Participation rate..........................    67.6    68.5    68.4    67.8    67.7    67.8    68.9    68.5    68.8
      Employed......................................  14,001  14,743  14,631  13,979  14,339  14,371  14,666  14,728  14,646
        Employment-population ratio.................    63.8    65.2    64.5    63.7    64.0    63.9    65.0    65.1    64.6
      Unemployed....................................     840     760     883     908     849     876     871     767     954
        Unemployment rate...........................     5.7     4.9     5.7     6.1     5.6     5.7     5.6     5.0     6.1
    1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted
  and seasonally adjusted columns.
    NOTE:  Detail for the above race and Hispanic-origin groups will not sum to totals because data for the "other races"
  group are not presented and Hispanics are included in both the white and black population groups.  Beginning in January
  2000, data reflect revised population controls used in the household survey.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                               HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-3. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                               Not seasonally adjusted                  Seasonally adjusted(1)               
                                                                                                                             
            Educational attainment                                                                                           
                                                                                                                             
                                               Nov.     Oct.     Nov.     Nov.     July     Aug.     Sept.    Oct.     Nov.  
                                               1999     2000     2000     1999     2000     2000     2000     2000     2000  
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
       Less than a high school diploma                                                                                       
                                                                                                                             
  Civilian noninstitutional population......   28,228   27,931   27,851   28,228   27,888   28,306   28,346   27,931   27,851
    Civilian labor force....................   12,197   12,162   12,026   12,132   12,328   12,441   12,417   12,312   11,943
        Percent of population...............     43.2     43.5     43.2     43.0     44.2     43.9     43.8     44.1     42.9
      Employed..............................   11,424   11,437   11,242   11,347   11,544   11,677   11,662   11,518   11,142
        Employment-population ratio.........     40.5     40.9     40.4     40.2     41.4     41.3     41.1     41.2     40.0
      Unemployed............................      773      724      784      785      784      764      755      794      801
        Unemployment rate...................      6.3      6.0      6.5      6.5      6.4      6.1      6.1      6.4      6.7
                                                                                                                             
     High school graduates, no college(2)                                                                                    
                                                                                                                             
  Civilian noninstitutional population......   57,789   57,365   57,562   57,789   57,144   56,882   57,244   57,365   57,562
    Civilian labor force....................   37,830   36,979   37,344   37,671   37,018   36,589   36,682   36,917   37,167
        Percent of population...............     65.5     64.5     64.9     65.2     64.8     64.3     64.1     64.4     64.6
      Employed..............................   36,665   35,783   36,087   36,445   35,782   35,238   35,463   35,641   35,836
        Employment-population ratio.........     63.4     62.4     62.7     63.1     62.6     62.0     62.0     62.1     62.3
      Unemployed............................    1,165    1,196    1,258    1,226    1,236    1,350    1,219    1,276    1,331
        Unemployment rate...................      3.1      3.2      3.4      3.3      3.3      3.7      3.3      3.5      3.6
                                                                                                                             
       Less than a bachelor's degree(3)                                                                                      
                                                                                                                             
  Civilian noninstitutional population......   44,070   44,767   44,770   44,070   44,724   44,616   44,191   44,767   44,770
    Civilian labor force....................   32,688   33,179   33,076   32,312   32,952   33,175   32,934   32,848   32,667
        Percent of population...............     74.2     74.1     73.9     73.3     73.7     74.4     74.5     73.4     73.0
      Employed..............................   31,883   32,423   32,270   31,444   32,029   32,230   32,091   32,071   31,793
        Employment-population ratio.........     72.3     72.4     72.1     71.3     71.6     72.2     72.6     71.6     71.0
      Unemployed............................      805      755      806      868      923      946      843      778      874
        Unemployment rate...................      2.5      2.3      2.4      2.7      2.8      2.9      2.6      2.4      2.7
                                                                                                                             
              College graduates                                                                                              
                                                                                                                             
  Civilian noninstitutional population......   44,365   45,785   45,706   44,365   45,549   45,718   45,863   45,785   45,706
    Civilian labor force....................   35,253   36,161   36,184   35,264   35,877   35,903   36,017   35,916   36,229
        Percent of population...............     79.5     79.0     79.2     79.5     78.8     78.5     78.5     78.4     79.3
      Employed..............................   34,697   35,612   35,676   34,655   35,254   35,250   35,319   35,329   35,676
        Employment-population ratio.........     78.2     77.8     78.1     78.1     77.4     77.1     77.0     77.2     78.1
      Unemployed............................      556      550      507      609      623      653      697      587      553
        Unemployment rate...................      1.6      1.5      1.4      1.7      1.7      1.8      1.9      1.6      1.5
    1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation, therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted
  and seasonally adjusted columns.
    2 Includes high school diploma or equivalent.
    3 Includes the categories, some college, no degree; and associate degree.
    NOTE:  Beginning in January 2000, data reflect revised population controls used in the household survey.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                              HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-4. Selected employment indicators
  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                     Not seasonally adjusted               Seasonally adjusted              
                                                                                                                            
                       Category                                                                                             
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                       Nov.    Oct.    Nov.    Nov.    July    Aug.    Sept.   Oct.    Nov. 
                                                       1999    2000    2000    1999    2000    2000    2000    2000    2000 
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                    CHARACTERISTIC                                                                                          
                                                                                                                            
  Total employed, 16 years and over................. 134,515 135,771 135,731 134,098 134,749 134,912 135,161 135,422 135,373
    Married men, spouse present.....................  43,599  43,710  43,512  43,273  43,284  43,372  43,324  43,363  43,210
    Married women, spouse present...................  33,920  34,008  33,890  33,635  33,618  33,413  33,402  33,604  33,621
    Women who maintain families.....................   8,553   8,475   8,535   8,526   8,483   8,519   8,548   8,441   8,501
                                                                                                                            
                      OCCUPATION                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
    Managerial and professional specialty...........  40,558  40,977  41,296  40,363  40,784  40,937  40,963  40,696  41,093
    Technical, sales, and administrative support....  39,380  39,440  39,677  39,283  39,239  39,026  38,966  39,480  39,598
    Service occupations.............................  17,548  18,229  18,429  17,633  17,877  17,675  18,128  18,582  18,578
    Precision production, craft, and repair.........  14,919  15,083  14,767  14,903  15,236  15,263  15,156  15,113  14,679
    Operators, fabricators, and laborers............  18,813  18,663  18,466  18,476  18,296  18,592  18,501  18,327  18,135
    Farming, forestry, and fishing..................   3,298   3,378   3,095   3,407   3,309   3,400   3,395   3,274   3,214
                                                                                                                            
                   CLASS OF WORKER                                                                                          
                                                                                                                            
    Agriculture:                                                                                                            
      Wage and salary workers.......................   1,946   2,063   1,877   2,049   2,079   2,056   2,010   2,044   1,964
      Self-employed workers.........................   1,193   1,179   1,126   1,216   1,182   1,258   1,288   1,171   1,164
      Unpaid family workers.........................      46      35      26      41      40      37      39      31      24
    Nonagricultural industries:                                                                                             
      Wage and salary workers....................... 122,511 123,690 124,065 121,965 122,681 122,773 122,992 123,367 123,514
        Government..................................  19,098  19,009  19,264  18,902  18,497  18,496  18,979  19,047  19,092
        Private industries.......................... 103,413 104,682 104,801 103,063 104,184 104,277 104,013 104,320 104,422
          Private households........................     932     787     800     944     807     716     812     793     812
          Other industries.......................... 102,481 103,895 104,001 102,119 103,377 103,561 103,201 103,527 103,610
      Self-employed workers.........................   8,715   8,678   8,505   8,686   8,609   8,590   8,799   8,550   8,488
      Unpaid family workers.........................     104     126     131     108      80     116     105     144     134
                                                                                                                            
              PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME                                                                                     
                                                                                                                            
    All industries:                                                                                                         
      Part time for economic reasons................   3,045   2,851   3,241   3,274   3,071   3,164   3,189   3,200   3,477
        Slack work or business conditions...........   1,804   1,708   2,083   1,930   1,846   1,997   2,101   1,900   2,221
        Could only find part-time work..............     974     873     829   1,032     900     855     815     973     877
      Part time for noneconomic reasons.............  19,744  19,583  20,015  18,651  18,558  18,709  18,456  18,704  18,917
                                                                                                                            
    Nonagricultural industries:                                                                                             
      Part time for economic reasons................   2,886   2,704   3,089   3,105   2,940   3,038   3,021   3,031   3,325
        Slack work or business conditions...........   1,696   1,609   1,979   1,815   1,750   1,924   1,983   1,810   2,119
        Could only find part-time work..............     955     856     821   1,013     881     838     804     945     867
      Part time for noneconomic reasons.............  19,193  19,030  19,454  18,083  18,041  18,190  17,879  18,158  18,318
      NOTE:  Persons at work excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs during the entire reference week for
  reasons such as vacation, illness, or industrial dispute.  Part time for noneconomic reasons excludes persons who usually
  work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as holidays, illness, and bad
  weather.  Beginning in January 2000, data reflect revised population controls used in the household survey.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                              HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-5. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                            Number of                                                       
                                                        unemployed persons                Unemployment rates(1)             
                                                          (in thousands)                                                    
                       Category                                                                                             
                                                                                                                            
                                                       Nov.    Oct.    Nov.    Nov.    July    Aug.    Sept.   Oct.    Nov. 
                                                       1999    2000    2000    1999    2000    2000    2000    2000    2000 
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                    CHARACTERISTIC                                                                                          
                                                                                                                            
   Total, 16 years and over.........................   5,736   5,496   5,679    4.1     4.0     4.1     3.9     3.9     4.0 
     Men, 20 years and over.........................   2,351   2,385   2,476    3.3     3.2     3.2     3.2     3.4     3.5 
     Women, 20 years and over.......................   2,214   2,065   2,105    3.6     3.7     3.8     3.5     3.4     3.4 
     Both sexes, 16 to 19 years.....................   1,171   1,047   1,098   14.0    13.4    14.4    12.8    12.6    13.1 
                                                                                                                            
     Married men, spouse present....................     925     894     999    2.1     2.0     2.0     2.1     2.0     2.3 
     Married women, spouse present..................     880     835     834    2.5     2.8     2.9     2.8     2.4     2.4 
     Women who maintain families....................     548     477     459    6.0     5.6     6.0     5.3     5.4     5.1 
                                                                                                                            
     Full-time workers..............................   4,536   4,443   4,589    3.9     3.7     4.0     3.8     3.8     3.9 
     Part-time workers..............................   1,191   1,060   1,090    4.9     5.3     5.0     4.6     4.4     4.5 
                                                                                                                            
                    OCCUPATION(2)                                                                                           
                                                                                                                            
     Managerial and professional specialty..........     751     736     690    1.8     1.9     1.9     1.8     1.8     1.7 
     Technical, sales, and administrative support...   1,461   1,475   1,468    3.6     3.6     4.0     3.4     3.6     3.6 
     Precision production, craft, and repair........     578     525     563    3.7     3.5     3.1     3.4     3.4     3.7 
     Operators, fabricators, and laborers...........   1,224   1,258   1,218    6.2     6.3     6.4     6.1     6.4     6.3 
     Farming, forestry, and fishing.................     246     249     276    6.7     5.7     6.4     5.4     7.1     7.9 
                                                                                                                            
                       INDUSTRY                                                                                             
                                                                                                                            
     Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers   4,478   4,368   4,298    4.2     4.1     4.1     4.0     4.0     4.0 
       Goods-producing industries...................   1,202   1,374   1,315    4.2     4.3     4.4     4.5     4.8     4.6 
         Mining.....................................      25      37      19    4.6     5.1     4.6     5.8     7.1     3.2 
         Construction...............................     439     519     571    5.7     5.9     6.5     6.4     6.5     7.3 
         Manufacturing..............................     738     819     724    3.7     3.6     3.5     3.6     4.1     3.6 
           Durable goods............................     450     465     428    3.7     3.3     3.1     3.1     3.8     3.5 
           Nondurable goods.........................     288     354     297    3.7     4.0     4.3     4.4     4.5     3.8 
       Service-producing industries.................   3,276   2,994   2,983    4.1     4.1     4.1     3.8     3.7     3.7 
         Transportation and public utilities........     260     212     195    3.3     3.2     3.1     3.3     2.7     2.5 
         Wholesale and retail trade.................   1,457   1,316   1,255    5.3     5.0     5.1     4.7     4.7     4.6 
         Finance, insurance, and real estate........     185     190     143    2.3     2.1     2.5     2.0     2.4     1.8 
         Services...................................   1,374   1,276   1,389    3.9     4.0     3.8     3.6     3.5     3.8 
     Government workers.............................     393     390     455    2.0     2.1     2.4     2.0     2.0     2.3 
     Agricultural wage and salary workers...........     186     207     224    8.3     7.0     8.5     7.8     9.2    10.2 
    1 Unemployment as a percent of the civilian labor force.
    2 Seasonally adjusted unemployment data for service occupations are not available because the seasonal component, which
  is small relative to the trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
    NOTE:  Beginning in January 2000, data reflect revised population controls used in the household survey.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                              HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-6. Duration of unemployment
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                     Not seasonally adjusted               Seasonally adjusted              
                                                                                                                            
                       Duration                                                                                             
                                                                                                                            
                                                       Nov.    Oct.    Nov.    Nov.    July    Aug.    Sept.   Oct.    Nov. 
                                                       1999    2000    2000    1999    2000    2000    2000    2000    2000 
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                 NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                       
                                                                                                                            
   Less than 5 weeks................................   2,384   2,330   2,343   2,601   2,470   2,594   2,487   2,497   2,547
   5 to 14 weeks....................................   1,729   1,548   1,744   1,760   1,812   1,846   1,717   1,703   1,783
   15 weeks and over................................   1,268   1,244   1,207   1,401   1,331   1,384   1,226   1,320   1,331
      15 to 26 weeks................................     633     647     653     725     654     679     602     715     735
      27 weeks and over.............................     635     597     555     676     677     705     624     605     596
                                                                                                                            
   Average (mean) duration, in weeks................    12.9    13.0    12.4    13.0    13.3    13.0    11.9    12.4    12.4
   Median duration, in weeks........................     6.0     6.0     5.9     6.2     6.0     6.2     5.2     6.2     6.1
                                                                                                                            
                 PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                       
                                                                                                                            
   Total unemployed.................................   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0
     Less than 5 weeks..............................    44.3    45.5    44.3    45.1    44.0    44.5    45.8    45.2    45.0
     5 to 14 weeks..................................    32.1    30.2    32.9    30.5    32.3    31.7    31.6    30.9    31.5
     15 weeks and over..............................    23.6    24.3    22.8    24.3    23.7    23.8    22.6    23.9    23.5
       15 to 26 weeks...............................    11.8    12.6    12.3    12.6    11.7    11.7    11.1    13.0    13.0
       27 weeks and over............................    11.8    11.6    10.5    11.7    12.1    12.1    11.5    11.0    10.5
     NOTE:  Beginning in January 2000, data reflect revised population controls used in the household survey.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                              HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-7. Reason for unemployment
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                     Not seasonally adjusted               Seasonally adjusted              
                                                                                                                            
                        Reason                                                                                              
                                                                                                                            
                                                       Nov.    Oct.    Nov.    Nov.    July    Aug.    Sept.   Oct.    Nov. 
                                                       1999    2000    2000    1999    2000    2000    2000    2000    2000 
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                 NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                       
                                                                                                                            
  Job losers and persons who completed temporary                                                                            
     jobs...........................................   2,340   2,076   2,327   2,493   2,417   2,615   2,511   2,428   2,492
    On temporary layoff.............................     755     531     775     851     856     940     823     791     871
    Not on temporary layoff.........................   1,584   1,544   1,552   1,642   1,561   1,674   1,688   1,637   1,621
      Permanent job losers..........................   1,065   1,066     978   (1)     (1)     (1)     (1)     (1)     (1)  
      Persons who completed temporary jobs..........     519     479     574   (1)     (1)     (1)     (1)     (1)     (1)  
  Job leavers.......................................     792     846     735     821     799     782     746     837     768
  Reentrants........................................   1,833   1,838   1,853   1,935   1,961   1,919   1,774   1,842   1,961
  New entrants......................................     415     363     380     485     402     514     411     383     430
                                                                                                                            
                 PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                       
                                                                                                                            
  Total unemployed..................................   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0   100.0
   Job losers and persons who completed temporary                                                                           
     jobs...........................................    43.5    40.5    44.0    43.5    43.3    44.8    46.2    44.2    44.1
     On temporary layoff............................    14.0    10.4    14.6    14.8    15.3    16.1    15.1    14.4    15.4
     Not on temporary layoff........................    29.4    30.1    29.3    28.6    28.0    28.7    31.0    29.8    28.7
   Job leavers......................................    14.7    16.5    13.9    14.3    14.3    13.4    13.7    15.3    13.6
   Reentrants.......................................    34.1    35.9    35.0    33.7    35.1    32.9    32.6    33.5    34.7
   New entrants.....................................     7.7     7.1     7.2     8.5     7.2     8.8     7.5     7.0     7.6
                                                                                                                            
            UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE                                                                                  
                   CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE                                                                                     
                                                                                                                            
   Job losers and persons who completed temporary                                                                           
     jobs...........................................     1.7     1.5     1.7     1.8     1.7     1.9     1.8     1.7     1.8
   Job leavers......................................      .6      .6      .5      .6      .6      .6      .5      .6      .5
   Reentrants.......................................     1.3     1.3     1.3     1.4     1.4     1.4     1.3     1.3     1.4
   New entrants.....................................      .3      .3      .3      .3      .3      .4      .3      .3      .3
    1 Not available.
    NOTE:  Beginning in January 2000, data reflect revised population controls used in the household survey.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                               HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-8. Range of alternative measures of labor underutilization
  (Percent)
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                    Not seasonally               Seasonally adjusted           
                                                                       adjusted                                                
                            Measure                                                                                          
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                  Nov.   Oct.   Nov.   Nov.   July   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov. 
                                                                  1999   2000   2000   1999   2000   2000   2000   2000   2000 
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                             
  U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of                                                                 
      the civilian labor force................................     .9     .9     .9    1.0     .9    1.0     .9     .9     .9
                                                                                                                             
  U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as                                                                
      a percent of the civilian labor force...................    1.7    1.5    1.7    1.8    1.7    1.9    1.8    1.7    1.8
                                                                                                                             
  U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor                                                                   
      force (official unemployment rate)......................    3.8    3.6    3.8    4.1    4.0    4.1    3.9    3.9    4.0
                                                                                                                             
  U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent                                                                
      of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers....    4.0    3.8    3.9   (1)    (1)    (1)    (1)    (1)    (1) 
                                                                                                                             
  U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all                                                                   
      other marginally attached workers, as a percent of the                                                                 
      civilian labor force plus all marginally                                                                               
      attached workers........................................    4.6    4.3    4.5   (1)    (1)    (1)    (1)    (1)    (1) 
                                                                                                                             
  U-6 Total unemployed, plus all marginally attached workers,                                                                
      plus total employed part time for economic reasons,                                                                    
      as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all                                                                      
      marginally attached workers.............................    6.8    6.3    6.8   (1)    (1)    (1)    (1)    (1)    (1) 
    1 Not available.
    NOTE:  This range of alternative measures of labor underutilization replaces the U1-U7 range published in table A-7 of
  this release prior to 1994.  Marginally attached workers are persons who currently are neither working nor looking for work
  but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the recent past.  Discouraged
  workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for a job. 
  Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to
  settle for a part-time schedule.  For further information, see "BLS introduces new range of alternative unemployment
  measures,"  in the October 1995 issue of the Monthly Labor Review.  Beginning in January 2000, data reflect revised
  population controls used in the household survey.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                              HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-9. Unemployed persons by sex and age, seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                            Number of                                                       
                                                        unemployed persons                Unemployment rates(1)             
                                                          (in thousands)                                                    
                     Age and sex                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                       Nov.    Oct.    Nov.    Nov.    July    Aug.    Sept.   Oct.    Nov. 
                                                       1999    2000    2000    1999    2000    2000    2000    2000    2000 
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
  Total, 16 years and over..........................   5,736   5,496   5,679    4.1     4.0     4.1     3.9     3.9     4.0 
    16 to 24 years..................................   2,249   2,047   2,091   10.0     9.2     9.4     8.7     8.9     9.1 
      16 to 19 years................................   1,171   1,047   1,098   14.0    13.4    14.4    12.8    12.6    13.1 
        16 to 17 years..............................     553     470     512   16.5    16.5    17.1    15.7    14.9    15.5 
        18 to 19 years..............................     619     583     583   12.3    11.5    12.6    11.2    11.3    11.5 
      20 to 24 years................................   1,078   1,000     993    7.7     6.8     6.4     6.4     6.8     6.8 
    25 years and over...............................   3,488   3,441   3,576    3.0     3.0     3.1     3.0     2.9     3.0 
      25 to 54 years................................   3,048   2,943   3,054    3.1     3.2     3.2     3.0     3.0     3.1 
      55 years and over.............................     459     528     531    2.6     2.4     2.6     2.8     2.9     2.9 
                                                                                                                            
    Men, 16 years and over..........................   2,996   2,936   3,058    4.0     3.8     4.0     3.8     3.9     4.1 
      16 to 24 years................................   1,194   1,128   1,143   10.2     9.6    10.1     9.3     9.4     9.6 
        16 to 19 years..............................     645     551     582   14.9    14.0    16.0    13.6    13.2    13.8 
          16 to 17 years............................     292     280     288   16.9    17.4    16.9    17.4    17.7    17.5 
          18 to 19 years............................     353     266     290   13.6    11.9    15.5    11.0    10.3    11.3 
        20 to 24 years..............................     549     576     561    7.5     7.1     6.7     6.9     7.4     7.3 
      25 years and over.............................   1,789   1,810   1,896    2.8     2.8     2.8     2.8     2.9     3.0 
        25 to 54 years..............................   1,531   1,536   1,592    2.9     2.8     2.9     2.8     2.9     3.0 
        55 years and over...........................     252     288     298    2.6     2.4     2.7     2.6     2.9     3.0 
                                                                                                                            
    Women, 16 years and over........................   2,740   2,560   2,621    4.2     4.3     4.3     4.0     3.9     4.0 
      16 to 24 years................................   1,055     919     948    9.8     8.9     8.6     8.0     8.4     8.6 
        16 to 19 years..............................     526     496     516   13.0    12.8    12.6    11.9    12.0    12.4 
          16 to 17 years............................     261     190     224   16.1    15.5    17.3    13.9    12.2    13.4 
          18 to 19 years............................     266     317     293   10.8    11.0     9.4    11.3    12.3    11.7 
        20 to 24 years..............................     529     423     432    7.9     6.5     6.2     5.7     6.2     6.3 
      25 years and over.............................   1,699   1,631   1,680    3.1     3.3     3.5     3.2     3.0     3.1 
        25 to 54 years..............................   1,517   1,407   1,462    3.3     3.5     3.6     3.2     3.0     3.1 
        55 years and over...........................     207     240     233    2.6     2.3     2.6     3.1     2.9     2.8 
    1 Unemployment as a percent of the civilian labor force.
    NOTE:  Beginning in January 2000, data reflect revised population controls used in the household survey.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                  HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-10. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
                                                                            Total                Men                Women       
                                                                                                                                
                               Category                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
                                                                        Nov.      Nov.      Nov.      Nov.      Nov.      Nov.  
                                                                        1999      2000      1999      2000      1999      2000  
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
                        NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
  Total not in the labor force......................................   68,771    69,551    25,633    26,023    43,137    43,528 
    Persons who currently want a job................................    4,077     3,971     1,727     1,706     2,350     2,266 
       Searched for work and available to work now(1)...............    1,128     1,097       591       560       538       538 
          Reason not currently looking:                                                                                         
            Discouragement over job prospects(2)....................      272       234       170       165       102        70 
            Reasons other than discouragement(3)....................      857       863       421       395       436       468 
                                                                                                                                
                         MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
  Total multiple jobholders(4)......................................    8,057     7,455     4,170     3,812     3,886     3,643 
      Percent of total employed.....................................      6.0       5.5       5.8       5.3       6.2       5.8 
                                                                                                                                
      Primary job full time, secondary job part time................    4,504     4,082     2,548     2,271     1,956     1,811 
      Primary and secondary jobs both part time.....................    1,759     1,555       551       519     1,208     1,036 
      Primary and secondary jobs both full time.....................      311       321       225       211        86       110 
      Hours vary on primary or secondary job........................    1,440     1,466       824       800       616       666 
    1 Data refer to persons who have searched for work during the prior 12 months and were available to take a job during the
  reference week.
    2 Includes thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and
  other types of discrimination.
    3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as child-care and transportation
  problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
    4 Includes persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
    NOTE:  Beginning in January 2000, data reflect revised population controls used in the household survey.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                    ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry
(In thousands)
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                        
                                             Not seasonally adjusted                   Seasonally adjusted              
                                                                                                                        
                Industry                                                                                                
                                           Nov.    Sept.   Oct.    Nov.    Nov.    July    Aug.    Sept.   Oct.    Nov. 
                                           1999    2000   2000p   2000p    1999    2000    2000    2000   2000p   2000p 
                                                                                                                        
          Total1........................ 130,839 132,069 132,619 133,003 129,788 131,607 131,528 131,723 131,800 131,894
                                                                                                                        
       Total private.................... 110,126 111,786 111,836 112,063 109,517 111,001 111,018 111,232 111,306 111,454
                                                                                                                        
Goods-producing.........................  25,694  25,966  25,925  25,795  25,527  25,756  25,644  25,639  25,660  25,656
                                                                                                                        
  Mining................................     531     547     548     547     527     538     537     539     541     542
    Metal mining........................    45.1    43.7    44.0    43.3      45      43      44      44      44      43
    Coal mining.........................    82.8    80.2    79.5    79.2      82      79      80      80      79      79
    Oil and gas extraction..............   289.9   311.5   312.5   314.2     288     306     304     307     309     311
    Nonmetallic minerals, except fuels..   113.1   111.8   112.1   110.1     112     110     109     108     109     109
                                                                                                                        
  Construction..........................   6,638   6,975   6,965   6,853   6,516   6,670   6,675   6,720   6,742   6,736
    General building contractors........ 1,482.9 1,540.8 1,540.6 1,531.3   1,470   1,498   1,505   1,510   1,516   1,519
    Heavy construction, except building.   908.9   961.2   959.1   912.1     876     881     882     885     891     884
    Special trade contractors........... 4,245.9 4,473.3 4,465.1 4,409.2   4,170   4,291   4,288   4,325   4,335   4,333
                                                                                                                        
  Manufacturing.........................  18,525  18,444  18,412  18,395  18,484  18,548  18,432  18,380  18,377  18,378
      Production workers................  12,740  12,650  12,616  12,599  12,702  12,741  12,630  12,585  12,582  12,578
                                                                                                                        
   Durable goods........................  11,103  11,060  11,057  11,068  11,085  11,161  11,087  11,052  11,053  11,068
      Production workers................   7,594   7,550   7,543   7,554   7,579   7,629   7,567   7,541   7,540   7,552
    Lumber and wood products............   834.9   822.8   817.3   810.3     831     825     818     816     812     809
    Furniture and fixtures..............   554.0   555.1   554.6   552.9     553     564     555     556     554     553
    Stone, clay, and glass products.....   567.4   572.3   571.0   567.2     564     571     566     565     565     563
    Primary metal industries............   699.2   691.9   690.9   691.3     698     698     695     691     692     692
      Blast furnaces and basic steel                                                                                    
         products.......................   227.9   223.4   221.6   222.1   (2)     (2)     (2)     (2)     (2)     (2)  
    Fabricated metal products........... 1,524.6 1,533.3 1,534.6 1,537.0   1,520   1,539   1,539   1,534   1,533   1,536
    Industrial machinery and equipment.. 2,127.6 2,116.4 2,116.2 2,123.4   2,131   2,137   2,133   2,121   2,123   2,129
      Computer and office equipment.....   370.3   361.8   360.5   363.1     370     361     363     361     360     362
    Electronic and other electrical                                                                                     
       equipment........................ 1,672.2 1,716.2 1,720.9 1,724.4   1,670   1,719   1,718   1,714   1,719   1,724
      Electronic components and                                                                                         
         accessories....................   636.4   680.3   685.4   691.1     638     670     675     681     686     694
    Transportation equipment............ 1,872.3 1,808.2 1,805.1 1,815.1   1,870   1,863   1,818   1,813   1,813   1,817
      Motor vehicles and equipment...... 1,025.3   990.4   985.7   989.5   1,022   1,029     993     993     991     990
      Aircraft and parts................   475.5   455.9   455.5   456.2     473     460     456     457     456     455
    Instruments and related products....   849.7   846.2   846.4   849.2     850     849     849     847     847     851
    Miscellaneous manufacturing.........   400.8   398.0   399.9   397.3     398     396     396     395     395     394
                                                                                                                        
   Nondurable goods.....................   7,422   7,384   7,355   7,327   7,399   7,387   7,345   7,328   7,324   7,310
      Production workers................   5,146   5,100   5,073   5,045   5,123   5,112   5,063   5,044   5,042   5,026
    Food and kindred products........... 1,686.4 1,712.6 1,698.4 1,679.3   1,675   1,680   1,670   1,661   1,671   1,672
    Tobacco products....................    40.5    38.2    38.5    38.3      38      37      34      37      36      37
    Textile mill products...............   552.4   540.1   535.9   532.0     552     544     542     539     536     530
    Apparel and other textile products..   673.9   643.9   637.2   633.4     672     656     644     639     633     630
    Paper and allied products...........   664.8   659.4   658.5   657.6     665     662     660     660     660     658
    Printing and publishing............. 1,554.6 1,557.5 1,558.9 1,564.8   1,549   1,561   1,560   1,560   1,559   1,559
    Chemicals and allied products....... 1,030.4 1,023.9 1,021.6 1,022.3   1,031   1,026   1,024   1,024   1,023   1,024
    Petroleum and coal products.........   133.0   134.0   133.3   130.9     132     131     132     132     131     130
    Rubber and misc. plastics products.. 1,008.3 1,000.2   999.8   995.2   1,009   1,014   1,005   1,002   1,002     998
    Leather and leather products........    77.2    73.9    73.1    72.9      76      76      74      74      73      72
                                                                                                                        
Service-producing1...................... 105,145 106,103 106,694 107,208 104,261 105,851 105,884 106,084 106,140 106,238
                                                                                                                        
  Transportation and public utilities...   6,943   7,078   7,094   7,116   6,898   7,010   6,941   7,037   7,046   7,062
    Transportation......................   4,499   4,593   4,600   4,614   4,453   4,536   4,549   4,549   4,550   4,561
      Railroad transportation...........   225.9   221.1   221.1   218.6     226     219     221     219     220     218
      Local and interurban passenger                                                                                    
         transit........................   506.4   512.7   516.2   516.8     490     502     503     500     499     500
      Trucking and warehousing.......... 1,837.2 1,872.3 1,871.5 1,862.1   1,823   1,846   1,845   1,845   1,843   1,842
      Water transportation..............   187.4   211.2   207.9   202.6     190     199     204     206     206     206
      Transportation by air............. 1,264.1 1,285.9 1,294.6 1,322.3   1,246   1,282   1,288   1,291   1,295   1,305
      Pipelines, except natural gas.....    12.6    12.4    12.4    12.4      13      13      12      12      12      12
      Transportation services...........   465.3   477.4   476.6   479.2     465     475     476     476     475     478
    Communications and public utilities.   2,444   2,485   2,494   2,502   2,445   2,474   2,392   2,488   2,496   2,501
      Communications.................... 1,582.5 1,629.4 1,640.0 1,648.4   1,581   1,618   1,537   1,632   1,640   1,646
      Electric, gas, and sanitary                                                                                       
         services.......................   861.8   855.2   853.6   853.9     864     856     855     856     856     855
                                                                                                                        
  Wholesale trade.......................   7,001   7,074   7,098   7,113   6,989   7,050   7,062   7,070   7,088   7,102
    Durable goods.......................   4,169   4,202   4,205   4,209   4,165   4,205   4,202   4,205   4,206   4,208
    Nondurable goods....................   2,832   2,872   2,893   2,904   2,824   2,845   2,860   2,865   2,882   2,894
  Retail trade..........................  23,237  23,222  23,177  23,601  22,893  23,196  23,191  23,179  23,190  23,236
    Building materials and garden                                                                                       
       supplies.........................   998.9 1,017.2 1,013.5 1,008.2   1,008   1,018   1,021   1,019   1,021   1,019
    General merchandise stores.......... 2,962.6 2,700.1 2,769.3 2,987.2   2,752   2,727   2,740   2,739   2,738   2,776
      Department stores................. 2,592.8 2,354.8 2,418.2 2,616.7   2,406   2,373   2,393   2,389   2,389   2,427
    Food stores......................... 3,532.6 3,513.6 3,527.2 3,559.1   3,498   3,519   3,522   3,522   3,521   3,517
    Automotive dealers and service                                                                                      
       stations......................... 2,376.2 2,432.7 2,432.7 2,427.6   2,380   2,411   2,418   2,424   2,430   2,433
      New and used car dealers.......... 1,092.1 1,120.5 1,121.3 1,122.3   1,092   1,111   1,115   1,118   1,120   1,122
    Apparel and accessory stores........ 1,245.2 1,198.3 1,206.3 1,267.6   1,190   1,206   1,202   1,209   1,205   1,209
    Furniture and home furnishings                                                                                      
       stores........................... 1,114.3 1,111.4 1,127.6 1,158.6   1,091   1,119   1,121   1,122   1,128   1,132
    Eating and drinking places.......... 7,884.7 8,200.3 8,001.3 8,007.0   7,966   8,132   8,099   8,076   8,068   8,085
    Miscellaneous retail establishments. 3,122.6 3,048.8 3,098.6 3,185.8   3,008   3,064   3,068   3,068   3,079   3,065
                                                                                                                        
  Finance, insurance, and real estate...   7,584   7,621   7,616   7,628   7,604   7,586   7,608   7,622   7,637   7,648
    Finance.............................   3,701   3,721   3,724   3,737   3,707   3,708   3,717   3,729   3,737   3,741
      Depository institutions........... 2,056.0 2,030.8 2,026.3 2,032.1   2,061   2,036   2,037   2,038   2,034   2,035
        Commercial banks................ 1,468.8 1,445.3 1,439.7 1,443.6   1,473   1,449   1,450   1,450   1,446   1,447
        Savings institutions............   248.7   238.2   237.2   237.1     250     240     240     239     238     238
      Nondepository institutions........   702.1   685.1   685.4   689.1     704     683     683     687     689     690
        Mortgage bankers and brokers....   343.7   321.2   321.4   322.3     345     321     319     322     324     324
      Security and commodity brokers....   709.4   761.1   765.1   766.6     709     748     753     759     766     767
      Holding and other investment                                                                                      
         offices........................   233.0   243.9   246.7   249.1     233     241     244     245     248     249
    Insurance...........................   2,375   2,348   2,351   2,355   2,375   2,354   2,358   2,353   2,354   2,358
      Insurance carriers................ 1,608.5 1,578.0 1,577.6 1,583.0   1,608   1,585   1,587   1,582   1,581   1,586
      Insurance agents, brokers, and                                                                                    
         service........................   766.7   769.8   773.0   772.4     767     769     771     771     773     772
    Real estate.........................   1,508   1,552   1,541   1,536   1,522   1,524   1,533   1,540   1,546   1,549
                                                                                                                        
  Services3.............................  39,667  40,825  40,926  40,810  39,606  40,403  40,572  40,685  40,685  40,750
    Agricultural services...............   783.8   843.3   835.2   809.2     782     794     799     801     807     810
    Hotels and other lodging places..... 1,800.4 1,977.1 1,926.7 1,856.2   1,868   1,925   1,921   1,923   1,923   1,932
    Personal services................... 1,220.8 1,247.7 1,252.1 1,256.8   1,252   1,273   1,285   1,285   1,284   1,285
    Business services................... 9,655.9 9,967.5 9,992.8 9,969.0   9,502   9,768   9,800   9,853   9,821   9,823
      Services to buildings............. 1,000.3 1,007.3 1,002.1 1,004.9     998   1,002   1,000   1,001   1,000   1,006
      Personnel supply services......... 3,862.3 4,000.8 4,001.5 3,961.7   3,734   3,851   3,865   3,891   3,852   3,843
        Help supply services............ 3,464.3 3,564.3 3,562.1 3,521.9   3,343   3,433   3,436   3,463   3,424   3,414
      Computer and data processing                                                                                      
         services....................... 1,881.6 1,949.3 1,959.2 1,976.5   1,880   1,950   1,951   1,955   1,967   1,978
    Auto repair, services, and parking.. 1,190.0 1,200.2 1,207.1 1,202.9   1,191   1,194   1,198   1,200   1,206   1,206
    Miscellaneous repair services.......   379.3   384.4   386.6   384.9     379     384     384     385     385     386
    Motion pictures.....................   618.7   621.1   617.6   624.5     625     634     636     631     630     630
    Amusement and recreation services... 1,534.2 1,877.0 1,728.4 1,602.1   1,701   1,795   1,808   1,785   1,786   1,771
    Health services..................... 10051.9 10168.8 10192.8 10223.3  10,041  10,143  10,161  10,178  10,192  10,209
      Offices and clinics of medical                                                                                    
         doctors........................ 1,899.6 1,941.7 1,948.7 1,951.9   1,898   1,930   1,935   1,945   1,950   1,951
      Nursing and personal care                                                                                         
         facilities..................... 1,788.4 1,793.1 1,794.4 1,798.4   1,785   1,787   1,793   1,791   1,793   1,794
      Hospitals......................... 3,993.8 4,027.0 4,033.7 4,049.1   3,992   4,018   4,021   4,029   4,032   4,047
      Home health care services.........   641.0   643.9   645.9   647.6     637     645     646     645     645     643
    Legal services...................... 1,004.0 1,009.0 1,012.2 1,014.4   1,005   1,012   1,014   1,014   1,016   1,014
    Educational services................ 2,493.2 2,332.7 2,520.3 2,574.3   2,305   2,374   2,395   2,388   2,362   2,380
    Social services..................... 2,880.7 2,993.2 3,029.2 3,050.0   2,868   2,919   2,955   3,001   3,021   3,035
      Child day care services...........   738.7   782.5   800.2   808.7     721     768     774     779     786     790
      Residential care..................   793.8   829.5   835.8   837.0     795     826     827     833     838     838
    Museums and botanical and zoological                                                                                
      gardens...........................    97.2   103.2   103.9   101.6      99     103     103     103     103     104
    Membership organizations............ 2,416.9 2,422.2 2,431.5 2,433.7   2,434   2,429   2,433   2,445   2,446   2,450
    Engineering and management services. 3,296.0 3,433.2 3,445.9 3,463.1   3,310   3,411   3,435   3,449   3,459   3,471
      Engineering and architectural                                                                                     
         services.......................   967.3 1,013.5 1,014.4 1,015.5     969   1,007   1,010   1,012   1,014   1,016
      Management and public relations... 1,056.4 1,125.3 1,130.1 1,137.6   1,058   1,107   1,118   1,123   1,130   1,137
    Services, nec.......................    51.9    52.0    52.1    52.4   (2)     (2)     (2)     (2)     (2)     (2)  
                                                                                                                        
  Government1...........................  20,713  20,283  20,783  20,940  20,271  20,606  20,510  20,491  20,494  20,440
    Federal1............................   2,642   2,619   2,610   2,611   2,646   2,819   2,657   2,627   2,625   2,612
      Federal, except Postal Service1... 1,766.3 1,762.7 1,752.5 1,744.8   1,780   1,954   1,790   1,764   1,762   1,758
    State...............................   4,866   4,751   4,898   4,917   4,723   4,744   4,765   4,776   4,772   4,765
      Education......................... 2,143.0 1,972.8 2,135.7 2,163.9   1,980   1,994   2,002   2,009   2,004   1,995
      Other State government............ 2,722.7 2,778.2 2,761.9 2,752.7   2,743   2,750   2,763   2,767   2,768   2,770
    Local...............................  13,205  12,913  13,275  13,412  12,902  13,043  13,088  13,088  13,097  13,063
      Education......................... 7,697.9 7,232.7 7,644.6 7,756.0   7,323   7,394   7,411   7,396   7,403   7,387
      Other local government............ 5,507.1 5,680.4 5,630.7 5,656.3   5,579   5,649   5,677   5,692   5,694   5,676
  1 Current employment levels in these series are affected by the hiring of temporary workers for Census 2000. 
Estimates of these workers are 32,000, 72,000, 189,000, 262,000, 618,000, 480,000, 199,000, 33,000, 5,000, 6,000, and
6,000 in January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, and November 2000, respectively.
Preliminary estimates for these series may be subject to larger than normal revisions. 
  2 These series are not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the
trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
  3 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
  p = preliminary.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                    ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours of production or nonsupervisory workers1 on private nonfarm payrolls by industry
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                        
                                             Not seasonally adjusted                   Seasonally adjusted              
                                                                                                                        
                Industry                                                                                                
                                           Nov.    Sept.   Oct.    Nov.    Nov.    July    Aug.    Sept.   Oct.    Nov. 
                                           1999    2000   2000p   2000p    1999    2000    2000    2000   2000p   2000p 
                                                                                                                        
       Total private....................   34.5    34.5    34.7    34.3    34.5    34.4    34.3    34.4    34.4    34.3 
                                                                                                                        
Goods-producing.........................   41.5    41.3    41.2    40.7    41.3    41.1    40.8    40.7    40.9    40.5 
                                                                                                                        
  Mining................................   44.6    46.0    46.1    44.9    44.2    45.3    44.6    45.2    45.6    44.8 
                                                                                                                        
  Construction..........................   39.5    40.0    40.1    38.5    40.1    39.3    39.2    39.0    39.3    38.6 
                                                                                                                        
  Manufacturing.........................   42.2    41.7    41.6    41.5    41.7    41.7    41.4    41.3    41.4    41.1 
      Overtime hours....................    4.9     4.8     4.6     4.5     4.7     4.6     4.5     4.4     4.5     4.3 
                                                                                                                        
   Durable goods........................   42.7    42.2    42.0    42.0    42.2    42.4    41.9    41.8    41.9    41.6 
      Overtime hours....................    5.0     4.9     4.7     4.6     4.8     4.7     4.6     4.5     4.6     4.4 
                                                                                                                        
    Lumber and wood products............   41.4    40.9    41.0    40.6    41.1    41.1    40.4    40.5    40.7    40.6 
    Furniture and fixtures..............   40.4    40.2    39.8    39.9    39.9    39.7    39.4    39.4    39.6    39.6 
    Stone, clay, and glass products.....   44.2    43.9    43.8    42.8    43.8    43.7    43.2    43.1    43.2    42.5 
    Primary metal industries............   44.7    43.9    43.5    43.8    44.3    44.3    43.7    43.7    43.7    43.5 
      Blast furnaces and basic steel                                                                                    
         products.......................   45.3    44.5    43.8    43.7    45.3    45.2    44.4    44.5    44.2    43.4 
    Fabricated metal products...........   42.7    42.4    42.3    42.1    42.1    42.6    42.1    42.0    42.1    41.7 
    Industrial machinery and equipment..   42.5    42.1    42.1    41.9    42.2    42.6    42.2    42.1    42.1    41.7 
    Electronic and other electrical                                                                                     
       equipment........................   42.1    41.6    41.3    41.5    41.4    41.9    41.0    41.2    41.1    40.9 
    Transportation equipment............   44.1    43.5    43.4    43.4    43.6    43.9    43.4    42.9    43.1    43.0 
      Motor vehicles and equipment......   45.2    44.3    44.1    43.8    44.7    44.5    44.5    43.6    44.0    43.4 
    Instruments and related products....   41.9    41.1    41.1    41.3    41.5    41.6    41.1    41.1    41.2    40.9 
    Miscellaneous manufacturing.........   40.3    39.7    39.7    39.5    39.7    39.7    39.4    39.3    39.3    39.0 
                                                                                                                        
   Nondurable goods.....................   41.4    41.0    40.8    40.8    41.0    40.7    40.6    40.6    40.6    40.4 
      Overtime hours....................    4.7     4.7     4.5     4.4     4.5     4.3     4.2     4.3     4.3     4.1 
                                                                                                                        
    Food and kindred products...........   42.5    42.2    41.8    41.7    41.8    41.2    41.5    41.4    41.4    41.1 
    Tobacco products....................   43.0    41.3    40.0    39.4    41.9    40.5    39.9    40.3    38.9    38.2 
    Textile mill products...............   41.6    41.1    41.1    41.0    41.3    41.2    40.7    41.0    40.9    40.6 
    Apparel and other textile products..   37.6    36.9    36.9    36.7    37.4    37.3    36.9    36.8    36.8    36.6 
    Paper and allied products...........   43.8    43.0    42.8    43.0    43.4    42.4    42.4    42.7    42.5    42.5 
    Printing and publishing.............   38.8    38.5    38.3    38.4    38.3    38.1    37.9    38.1    38.1    37.9 
    Chemicals and allied products.......   43.4    43.1    43.2    43.1    43.0    43.4    43.0    42.9    43.0    42.6 
    Petroleum and coal products.........   43.0    45.3    45.7    44.9    (2)     (2)     (2)     (2)     (2)     (2)  
    Rubber and misc. plastics products..   42.0    41.4    41.1    41.1    41.5    41.4    41.2    41.1    41.1    40.9 
    Leather and leather products........   38.1    37.9    37.6    38.9    37.7    37.1    37.1    37.4    37.4    38.7 
                                                                                                                        
Service-producing.......................   32.7    32.7    33.0    32.7    32.8    32.7    32.7    32.8    32.8    32.8 
                                                                                                                        
  Transportation and public utilities...   38.3    38.7    39.0    38.5    38.3    38.8    38.2    38.5    38.6    38.5 
                                                                                                                        
  Wholesale trade.......................   38.4    38.5    38.7    38.4    38.4    38.5    38.3    38.6    38.5    38.5 
                                                                                                                        
  Retail trade..........................   28.7    28.8    29.0    28.6    29.0    28.8    28.8    28.8    28.9    28.9 
                                                                                                                        
  Finance, insurance, and real estate...   36.0    36.1    36.6    35.9    36.2    36.3    36.1    36.3    36.1    36.1 
                                                                                                                        
  Services..............................   32.7    32.5    32.9    32.7    32.7    32.5    32.6    32.6    32.7    32.7 
  1 Data relate to production workers in mining and manufacturing; construction workers in construction; and
nonsupervisory workers in transportation and public utilities; wholesale and retail trade; finance, insurance, and real
estate; and services. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employees on private nonfarm
payrolls.
  2 This series is not published seasonally adjusted because the seasonal component, which is small relative to the
trend-cycle and irregular components, cannot be separated with sufficient precision.
  p = preliminary.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                    ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers1 on private nonfarm payrolls by
industry
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                        
                                                 Average hourly earnings                 Average weekly earnings        
                                                                                                                        
                Industry                                                                                                
                                            Nov.      Sept.     Oct.      Nov.      Nov.      Sept.     Oct.      Nov.  
                                            1999      2000     2000p     2000p      1999      2000     2000p     2000p  
                                                                                                                        
       Total private....................  $13.43    $13.88    $13.95    $13.96    $463.34   $478.86   $484.07   $478.83 
        Seasonally adjusted.............   13.41     13.83     13.88     13.94     462.65    475.75    477.47    478.14 
                                                                                                                        
Goods-producing.........................   15.05     15.61     15.64     15.66     624.58    644.69    644.37    637.36 
                                                                                                                        
  Mining................................   17.01     17.05     17.04     17.07     758.65    784.30    785.54    766.44 
                                                                                                                        
  Construction..........................   17.42     18.16     18.21     18.17     688.09    726.40    730.22    699.55 
                                                                                                                        
  Manufacturing.........................   14.08     14.50     14.53     14.63     594.18    604.65    604.45    607.15 
                                                                                                                        
   Durable goods........................   14.58     15.07     15.11     15.22     622.57    635.95    634.62    639.24 
    Lumber and wood products............   11.60     11.88     11.92     11.90     480.24    485.89    488.72    483.14 
    Furniture and fixtures..............   11.36     11.88     11.91     11.88     458.94    477.58    474.02    474.01 
    Stone, clay, and glass products.....   14.04     14.53     14.57     14.50     620.57    637.87    638.17    620.60 
    Primary metal industries............   16.12     16.65     16.56     16.65     720.56    730.94    720.36    729.27 
      Blast furnaces and basic steel                                                                                    
         products.......................   19.11     19.58     19.28     19.26     865.68    871.31    844.46    841.66 
    Fabricated metal products...........   13.59     14.02     14.04     14.08     580.29    594.45    593.89    592.77 
    Industrial machinery and equipment..   15.22     15.84     15.80     15.98     646.85    666.86    665.18    669.56 
    Electronic and other electrical                                                                                     
       equipment........................   13.61     13.84     13.87     13.93     572.98    575.74    572.83    578.10 
    Transportation equipment............   18.39     19.30     19.52     19.79     811.00    839.55    847.17    858.89 
      Motor vehicles and equipment......   18.80     19.87     20.19     20.52     849.76    880.24    890.38    898.78 
    Instruments and related products....   14.34     14.80     14.84     14.90     600.85    608.28    609.92    615.37 
    Miscellaneous manufacturing.........   11.41     11.70     11.77     11.81     459.82    464.49    467.27    466.50 
                                                                                                                        
   Nondurable goods.....................   13.31     13.63     13.63     13.72     551.03    558.83    556.10    559.78 
    Food and kindred products...........   12.19     12.50     12.46     12.61     518.08    527.50    520.83    525.84 
    Tobacco products....................   18.02     18.51     17.90     18.54     774.86    764.46    716.00    730.48 
    Textile mill products...............   10.80     11.05     11.02     11.04     449.28    454.16    452.92    452.64 
    Apparel and other textile products..    8.98      9.16      9.15      9.18     337.65    338.00    337.64    336.91 
    Paper and allied products...........   16.08     16.31     16.35     16.36     704.30    701.33    699.78    703.48 
    Printing and publishing.............   14.02     14.48     14.48     14.53     543.98    557.48    554.58    557.95 
    Chemicals and allied products.......   17.64     18.07     18.05     18.10     765.58    778.82    779.76    780.11 
    Petroleum and coal products.........   21.76     21.14     21.09     21.28     935.68    957.64    963.81    955.47 
    Rubber and misc. plastics products..   12.46     12.87     12.90     12.98     523.32    532.82    530.19    533.48 
    Leather and leather products........    9.93     10.25     10.19     10.07     378.33    388.48    383.14    391.72 
                                                                                                                        
Service-producing.......................   12.90     13.32     13.42     13.43     421.83    435.56    442.86    439.16 
                                                                                                                        
  Transportation and public utilities...   15.90     16.31     16.38     16.42     608.97    631.20    638.82    632.17 
                                                                                                                        
  Wholesale trade.......................   14.76     15.32     15.43     15.41     566.78    589.82    597.14    591.74 
                                                                                                                        
  Retail trade..........................    9.22      9.57      9.58      9.59     264.61    275.62    277.82    274.27 
                                                                                                                        
  Finance, insurance, and real estate...   14.74     15.12     15.23     15.22     530.64    545.83    557.42    546.40 
                                                                                                                        
  Services..............................   13.57     13.96     14.07     14.12     443.74    453.70    462.90    461.72 
  1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
  p = preliminary.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Average hourly earnings of production or nonsupervisory workers1 on private nonfarm
payrolls by industry, seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                  
                                                                                                  
                                                                                         Percent  
                                   Nov.     July     Aug.     Sept.     Oct.     Nov.     change  
            Industry               1999     2000     2000     2000     2000p    2000p     from:   
                                                                                        Oct. 2000-
                                                                                        Nov. 2000 
                                                                                                  
Total private:                                                                                    
   Current dollars..............   $13.41   $13.75   $13.80   $13.83   $13.88   $13.94      0.4   
   Constant (1982) dollars2.....     7.87     7.86     7.90     7.87     7.89     N.A.     (3)    
                                                                                                  
  Goods-producing...............    15.03    15.40    15.45    15.46    15.57    15.67       .6   
    Mining......................    17.00    17.23    17.05    17.09    17.10    17.14       .2   
    Construction................    17.37    17.90    17.93    17.96    18.00    18.21      1.2   
    Manufacturing...............    14.07    14.39    14.43    14.43    14.56    14.64       .5   
      Excluding overtime4.......    13.33    13.64    13.69    13.73    13.82    13.91       .7   
                                                                                                  
  Service-producing.............    12.89    13.23    13.28    13.33    13.36    13.41       .4   
    Transportation and public                                                                     
       utilities................    15.84    16.17    16.26    16.30    16.38    16.41       .2   
    Wholesale trade.............    14.76    15.22    15.24    15.32    15.34    15.41       .5   
    Retail trade................     9.21     9.45     9.49     9.54     9.56     9.59       .3   
    Finance, insurance, and real                                                                  
       estate...................    14.76    15.03    15.12    15.19    15.17    15.24       .5   
    Services....................    13.53    13.89    13.94    13.97    14.00    14.07       .5   
  1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
  2 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is used to
deflate this series. 
  3 Change was .3 percent from September 2000 to October 2000, the latest month available.
  4 Derived by assuming that overtime hours are paid at the rate of time and one-half.
  N.A. = not available.
  p = preliminary.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                    ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours of production or nonsupervisory workers1 on private nonfarm payrolls by
industry
(1982=100)
                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                        
                                             Not seasonally adjusted                   Seasonally adjusted              
                                                                                                                        
                Industry                                                                                                
                                          Nov.   Sept.    Oct.     Nov.   Nov.    July    Aug.   Sept.    Oct.     Nov.  
                                          1999   2000    2000p    2000p   1999    2000    2000   2000    2000p    2000p 
                                                                                                                        
       Total private....................  150.4  152.7   153.6    152.2   149.6  151.4   150.9   151.4   151.8    151.6 
                                                                                                                        
Goods-producing.........................  118.5  119.2   118.7    116.3   116.8  117.4   115.8   115.6   116.0    114.7 
                                                                                                                        
  Mining................................   51.4   53.3    53.6     52.0    50.2   51.9    50.8    51.4    52.2     51.1 
                                                                                                                        
  Construction..........................  185.6  197.9   197.7    185.9   183.3  184.1   183.3   184.2   186.3    181.9 
                                                                                                                        
  Manufacturing.........................  108.3  106.4   105.7    105.4   106.8  107.2   105.3   104.9   105.0    104.3 
                                                                                                                        
   Durable goods........................  113.0  111.1   110.6    110.6   111.5  113.0   110.6   110.0   110.2    109.6 
    Lumber and wood products............  150.0  145.4   144.8    142.1   148.0  146.7   142.9   142.6   142.7    141.7 
    Furniture and fixtures..............  140.3  139.2   137.5    137.3   138.0  140.1   136.9   136.6   136.6    136.3 
    Stone, clay, and glass products.....  118.4  118.5   117.8    114.1   116.5  117.3   114.9   114.4   114.6    112.5 
    Primary metal industries............   92.6   90.4    89.3     89.9    91.5   91.9    90.4    89.8    89.8     89.4 
      Blast furnaces and basic steel                                                                                    
         products.......................   71.9   69.7    68.2     67.9    72.0   71.4    70.1    69.9    69.4     67.8 
    Fabricated metal products...........  121.5  121.5   121.2    121.1   119.3  123.3   121.1   120.3   120.5    119.7 
    Industrial machinery and equipment..  105.0  103.8   103.9    104.0   104.4  106.5   105.4   104.3   104.6    103.9 
    Electronic and other electrical                                                                                     
       equipment........................  108.6  109.4   108.7    109.6   106.8  110.4   108.1   108.2   107.8    107.9 
    Transportation equipment............  127.0  121.0   120.8    121.7   125.5  125.7   120.7   119.8   121.0    120.7 
      Motor vehicles and equipment......  171.1  161.0   159.7    159.4   168.5  167.7   161.3   159.5   161.0    157.5 
    Instruments and related products....   76.9   73.8    73.3     74.0    76.3   75.2    74.2    73.8    73.5     73.4 
    Miscellaneous manufacturing.........  105.1  101.4   102.4    101.2   102.8  100.9   100.1    99.9    99.5     98.7 
                                                                                                                        
   Nondurable goods.....................  101.9  100.0    99.0     98.3   100.3   99.4    98.2    97.9    97.8     97.0 
    Food and kindred products...........  120.8  122.6   120.1    118.0   117.9  117.1   116.3   115.5   116.4    115.7 
    Tobacco products....................   62.2   54.0    52.5     51.3    56.0   50.2    43.5    49.9    48.2     47.3 
    Textile mill products...............   80.8   78.1    77.4     76.6    80.0   78.9    77.5    77.5    77.2     75.6 
    Apparel and other textile products..   59.2   55.4    54.8     54.3    58.6   57.3    55.5    54.9    54.3     53.7 
    Paper and allied products...........  107.8  105.2   104.2    104.7   106.6  103.8   103.6   104.3   103.6    103.6 
    Printing and publishing.............  124.0  123.6   123.1    123.3   121.8  122.7   122.0   122.7   122.5    121.0 
    Chemicals and allied products.......  104.3  101.5   101.4    101.7   103.5  103.2   101.7   101.1   101.0    100.4 
    Petroleum and coal products.........   71.4   64.9    65.1     62.8    70.1   64.6    63.0    61.5    62.9     61.6 
    Rubber and misc. plastics products..  149.4  145.8   144.7    143.9   147.6  148.5   146.1   145.0   144.8    143.4 
    Leather and leather products........   33.4   31.8    31.0     32.0    32.4   31.9    31.4    31.0    30.5     31.5 
                                                                                                                        
Service-producing.......................  164.7  167.7   169.3    168.4   164.4  166.6   166.7   167.5   167.9    168.1 
                                                                                                                        
  Transportation and public utilities...  134.8  140.1   141.7    140.0   133.8  138.7   135.1   138.5   139.1    138.8 
                                                                                                                        
  Wholesale trade.......................  131.5  133.0   134.2    133.4   131.3  132.6   132.2   133.3   133.2    133.6 
                                                                                                                        
  Retail trade..........................  144.8  144.9   145.2    146.2   143.7  144.7   144.6   144.4   145.1    145.3 
                                                                                                                        
  Finance, insurance, and real estate...  137.6  139.0   140.8    138.7   138.9  139.2   138.8   139.9   139.5    140.0 
                                                                                                                        
  Services..............................  205.2  210.5   213.3    211.3   205.2  208.4   210.0   210.5   211.0    211.3 
  1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
  p = preliminary.
ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                   ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6.  Diffusion indexes of employment change, seasonally adjusted
(Percent)
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
       Time span          Jan.    Feb.    Mar.    Apr.    May     June    July    Aug.   Sept.    Oct.    Nov.    Dec. 
                                                                                                                       
                        
                                                   Private nonfarm payrolls, 356 industries1
                        
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
Over 1-month span:                                                                                                     
     1996..............   50.4    64.5    60.3    54.8    62.6    61.5    57.3    61.0    57.9    62.6    59.3    60.0 
     1997..............   57.3    59.7    62.8    63.2    57.7    57.7    61.2    60.1    61.5    65.3    62.1    61.2 
     1998..............   63.2    56.6    60.5    58.7    58.3    59.7    53.9    58.1    56.2    53.8    59.0    57.4 
     1999..............   54.1    58.8    53.9    59.6    52.8    57.9    58.8    53.8    57.3    60.7    60.8    59.0 
     2000..............   60.8    54.1    60.7    56.5    45.9    56.2    58.7    51.4    53.7   p55.1   p53.1         
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
Over 3-month span:                                                                                                     
     1996..............   61.1    62.6    63.6    63.1    63.3    64.9    64.2    61.4    65.2    64.3    65.4    63.3 
     1997..............   62.6    64.0    66.3    66.7    63.2    62.1    61.5    66.2    67.4    69.4    69.0    69.1 
     1998..............   64.3    66.6    63.2    66.3    63.6    58.0    57.4    57.9    59.7    58.1    58.6    59.4 
     1999..............   58.3    57.3    58.4    54.4    57.3    58.8    58.1    60.7    59.6    63.5    64.3    63.1 
     2000..............   61.0    62.6    61.9    57.4    56.7    58.3    57.9    58.4   p51.4   p52.5                 
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
Over 6-month span:                                                                                                     
     1996..............   62.5    64.6    65.6    64.6    64.5    64.5    67.3    65.7    65.2    67.1    66.0    67.4 
     1997..............   66.3    67.0    66.6    66.3    65.6    67.1    66.3    68.5    69.0    70.4    69.7    70.4 
     1998..............   69.8    67.4    65.2    61.8    62.9    61.4    59.0    58.4    57.4    59.7    59.3    59.1 
     1999..............   60.0    58.0    57.6    58.6    54.4    59.7    60.4    62.1    64.0    62.8    65.2    64.6 
     2000..............   65.6    60.8    61.0    61.9    59.3    56.0   p54.8   p58.0                                 
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
Over 12-month span:                                                                                                    
     1996..............   64.5    66.7    64.5    65.6    68.5    67.3    67.7    66.4    68.0    69.9    68.7    66.9 
     1997..............   69.0    67.3    68.3    69.7    69.5    70.1    70.1    70.4    70.5    70.1    69.4    70.4 
     1998..............   69.7    67.3    67.3    65.9    63.9    62.5    61.5    62.1    61.0    59.8    59.8    58.1 
     1999..............   60.3    58.3    57.6    59.4    59.6    60.5    61.9    61.0    62.6    62.9    62.5    63.2 
     2000..............   64.9    63.8    60.8   p59.7   p58.4                                                         
                                                                                                                       
                        
                                                    Manufacturing payrolls, 139 industries1
                        
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
Over 1-month span:                                                                                                     
     1996..............   44.6    54.7    48.2    42.1    55.4    52.2    47.8    54.3    50.0    56.1    50.4    53.2 
     1997..............   49.6    52.5    56.1    54.0    51.4    54.3    50.7    53.6    56.5    61.9    60.4    55.4 
     1998..............   57.9    50.7    53.6    50.7    47.1    50.0    37.8    50.0    45.7    39.9    41.7    43.9 
     1999..............   45.0    41.0    42.8    46.4    40.3    46.4    54.7    38.1    46.4    51.8    51.4    50.4 
     2000..............   52.2    47.8    51.1    51.1    45.7    51.1    57.6    36.3    38.8   p45.7   p46.0         
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
Over 3-month span:                                                                                                     
     1996..............   44.2    47.8    44.6    45.7    47.1    51.4    50.4    49.6    55.4    53.2    55.0    49.6 
     1997..............   50.7    53.2    55.8    56.1    53.2    52.5    52.5    55.8    59.7    66.5    64.7    64.0 
     1998..............   56.8    56.8    52.2    52.2    48.6    41.4    39.2    40.3    43.2    37.1    36.7    40.6 
     1999..............   36.7    37.1    37.1    34.5    37.8    43.5    39.9    45.0    42.1    50.4    51.1    50.7 
     2000..............   47.8    52.5    49.3    48.9    49.6    53.6    44.2    36.3   p29.5   p36.7                 
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
Over 6-month span:                                                                                                     
     1996..............   41.7    45.0    46.8    46.0    45.3    47.8    53.2    50.4    50.7    53.2    51.8    54.7 
     1997..............   53.2    53.2    52.5    52.9    51.8    53.2    54.7    61.2    61.2    64.4    64.7    63.7 
     1998..............   60.1    54.3    50.4    39.9    43.5    42.1    38.8    36.7    36.0    39.9    34.5    32.7 
     1999..............   35.6    33.5    33.5    37.1    32.7    38.8    41.0    45.7    48.2    43.2    48.6    51.1 
     2000..............   51.4    47.5    50.4    53.6    45.0    38.1   p33.8   p37.1                                 
                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                       
Over 12-month span:                                                                                                    
     1996..............   43.5    47.5    45.3    45.3    50.4    49.6    50.4    48.6    51.1    55.0    54.3    50.7 
     1997..............   54.7    52.5    54.0    54.0    55.4    56.8    57.2    57.9    58.3    56.8    56.8    57.2 
     1998..............   55.0    51.8    51.8    46.8    40.6    39.9    37.8    38.1    37.1    36.0    34.2    33.5 
     1999..............   37.4    32.4    31.7    35.3    36.0    37.1    38.8    39.6    42.4    42.4    42.4    46.0 
     2000..............   47.8    44.6    39.2   p39.2   p35.3                                                         
  1 Based on seasonally adjusted data for 1-, 3-, and 6-month spans and unadjusted data for the 12-month span. Data are
centered within the span. 
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE:  Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with
unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing
employment. 

 

 

 
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